STP1248

    Charpy Impact Test Results on Five Materials and NIST Verification Specimens Using Instrumented 2-mm and 8-mm Strikers

    Published: Jan 1995


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    Abstract

    The Heavy-Section Steel Irradiation Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory is involved in two cooperative projects, with international participants, both of which involve Charpy V-notch impact tests with instrumented strikers of 2-mm and 8-mm radii. Two heats of A 533 grade B class 1 pressure vessel steel and a low upper-shelf (LUS) submerged-arc (SA) weld were tested on the same Charpy machine, while one heat of a Russian Cr-Mo-V forging steel and a high upper-shelf (HUS) SA weld were tested on two different machines. The number of replicate tests at any one temperature ranged from 2 to 46 specimens. Prior to testing with each striker, verification specimens at the low, high, and super high energy levels from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) were tested. In the two series of verification tests, the tests with the 2-mm striker met the requirements at the low and high energy levels but not at the super high energy. For one plate, the 2-mm striker showed somewhat higher average absorbed energies than those for the 8-mm striker at all three test temperatures. For the second plate and the LUS weld, however, the 2-mm striker showed somewhat lower energies at both test temperatures. For the Russian forging steel and the HUS weld, tests were conducted over a range of temperatures with tests at one laboratory using the 8-mm striker and tests at a second laboratory using the 2-mm striker. Lateral expansion was also measured for all specimens and the results are compared with the absorbed energy results. The overall results showed generally good agreement (within one standard deviation) in energy measurements by the two strikers. Load-time traces from the instrumented strikers were also compared and used to estimate shear fracture percentage. Four different formulas from the European Structural Integrity Society draft standard for instrumented Charpy test are compared and a new formula is proposed for estimation of percent shear from the force-time trace.

    Keywords:

    Charpy impact testing, verification, 2-mm striker, 8-mm striker, lateral expansion, instrumented striker, energy, percent shear, standard deviation, plate, weld, forging


    Author Information:

    Nanstad, RK
    Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    Sokolov, MA
    Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN


    Paper ID: STP14660S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E28.07

    DOI: 10.1520/STP14660S


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