STP1237: A Sensitivity Study of a Variable-Property Skin Burn Model Considering the Variability of Water Content

    Halin, J
    Graduate Student and Professor, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

    Mulligan, J
    Graduate Student and Professor, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

    Hamouda, H
    Associate Professor and Professor, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

    Barker, R
    Associate Professor and Professor, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

    Soroka, A
    Research Associate, E. I. DuPont De Nemours & Company, Wilmington, DE

    Pages: 15    Published: Jan 1996


    Abstract

    A skin burn model using variable thermophysical properties as a function of water content is studied as it is subjected to a heat flux at the skin surface. The model employs the finite element method to solve Pennes' [1] bio-heat equation as it is subjected to heat fluxes modeled from actual sensor test data. The model assesses burn damage using the burn integral of Henriques [2] using burn-threshold criteria Ω at both the epidermal-dermal and dermal-subcutaneous tissue interface. The model's times-to-degree burn, cumulative burn damage Ω, and peak temperatures are studied as the blood perfusion rate and water contents for the respective layers of skin are separately and arbitrarily varied. Results from the variable- and constant-property Pennes' models are compared.

    Keywords:

    bio-heat equation, skin burn model, skin burn damage, thermophysical properties


    Paper ID: STP14096S

    Committee/Subcommittee: F23.93

    DOI: 10.1520/STP14096S


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