STP1247

    Bearing Forces as a Function of Mechanical Stiffness and Vibration Isolation in a Fourbar Linkage

    Published: Jan 1995


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    Abstract

    A fourbar linkage test-bed has been designed, built, and instrumented to measure the effects of dynamic balancing, vibration isolation and system stiffness on the dynamic forces and torques generated at the pivot bearings and on the ground plane. The system was initially designed and modelled using the Aries solids modelling package, the ADAMS dynamic simulation package, program D, and ANSYS finite element analysis software. The theoretical dynamic forces and accelerations at particular points on the links were calculated in advance, based on the system kinematics and the mass properties of all moving members as defined by the Aries solids modeller. The device was built using accurate NC machining equipment. The finished assembly is instrumented with piezoelectric accelerometers and force transducers. The design allows three bivalent modalities of operation, unbalanced/dynamically balanced, stiff/compliant torque coupling, stiff/compliant motor mounts, all of which may be intermixed in various combinations. The assembly was run under all combinations of modalities and the dynamic forces and accelerations measured and transformed to the frequency domain. The results were subjected to an analysis of variance and compared to those of the theoretical model. The differences were statistically significant in all but a few cases. As expected, the compliances and clearances in the physical model created significantly larger dynamic accelerations, torques and forces on the bearings than was predicted theoretically by a rigid dynamic model. These increased forces will affect bearing and journal wear. This paper reports on the details of this experimental/theoretical study and draws some conclusions relevant to making design decisions applicable to similar mechanical devices. Work is continuing on the theoretical modelling of the system's nonlinearities as well as on measurement of the effects of bearing clearances on the vibration and modal behavior of the physical system.

    Keywords:

    bearing force, vibration isolation, bearing stiffness, fourbar linkage, mechanisms


    Author Information:

    Norton, RL
    Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester Mass,

    Ault, HK
    Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Mass

    Wiley, J
    Undergraduate student, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Mass

    Parks, T
    Undergraduate student, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Mass

    Calawa, R
    Undergraduate student, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Mass

    Wickstrand, M
    Undergraduate student, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Mass


    Paper ID: STP14047S

    Committee/Subcommittee: G02.30

    DOI: 10.1520/STP14047S


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