STP1325: Behavior of an Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Ferritic Steel Irradiated in Phenix

    Dubuisson, P
    Research engineer, technician, PhD student and senior expert, CEA-CEREM — Service de Recherches Métallurgiques Appliquées, CEA Saclay, Gif sur Yvette,

    Schill, R
    Research engineer, CEA-DRN — Service d'Etudes des Matériaux Irradiés, CEA Saclay, Gif sur Yvette,

    Hugon, M-P
    Research engineer, technician, PhD student and senior expert, CEA-CEREM — Service de Recherches Métallurgiques Appliquées, CEA Saclay, Gif sur Yvette,

    Grislin, I
    Research engineer, technician, PhD student and senior expert, CEA-CEREM — Service de Recherches Métallurgiques Appliquées, CEA Saclay, Gif sur Yvette,

    Séran, J-L
    Research engineer, technician, PhD student and senior expert, CEA-CEREM — Service de Recherches Métallurgiques Appliquées, CEA Saclay, Gif sur Yvette,

    Pages: 17    Published: Jan 1999


    Abstract

    This paper deals with the irradiation behavior of the oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic alloy DT2203Y05, a 13% Cr ferritic alloy strengthened by a fine dispersion of yttrium and titanium oxides. This alloy was irradiated up to 81 dpa in Phénix as fuel pin cladding. The profilometry measurements confirm its high swelling resistance. Few voids, mainly associated with oxides, are observed at low irradiation temperatures, but this alloy is severely embrittled by irradiation. A few cracks are observed in the lower 2/3 of the fissile column, and the longitudinal tensile tests show hardening and severe ductility loss induced by irradiation along the whole fuel column.

    Transmission electron microscopy observations show that the radiation-induced strong ductility loss results from a fine and uniform α′ precipitation and dislocation loop formation at low temperatures (as in classic ferritic steels) and from important χ precipitation at high temperatures. The radiation-induced embrittlement of this ODS ferritic steel results also from the recoil dissolution of oxides leading to the total dissolution of the finer oxides and to the formation of small oxide shells around the larger initial oxides. The oxide dispersion, which is characterized before irradiation by a broad size distribution with oxide-free bands leading to an heterogeneous dislocation loop distribution under irradiation, is probably responsible for the apparition of cracks in the lower 2/3 of the fuel column and for the channel fracture.

    Keywords:

    ferritic steel, dispersion strengthening, ODS, yttria, titania, neutron irradiation, swelling, tensile properties, embrittlement, microstructure, recoil dissolution


    Paper ID: STP13910S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E10.07

    DOI: 10.1520/STP13910S


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