Detection of Radiation Damage in Low Alloy Steel Using a Squid Sensor

    Published: Jan 1999

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF Version (120K) 8 $25   ADD TO CART
    Complete Source PDF (24M) 8 $164   ADD TO CART


    The magnetic properties of A533B low alloy steel irradiated up to 3 x 1023 n/m2 in a nuclear reactor were measured using a SQUID sensor. The SQUID sensor used in the test is the type with a first-order axial gradiometer. Test specimens were irradiated to 0.5 x 1023 and 3.0 x 1023 n/m2, and then magnetized in a 0.2 T field until saturation before measurement. The specimens were put on a scanning table in a hot laboratory and the SQUID output was recorded while each specimen was gradually moved in a horizontal direction under the SQUID sensor. A superconducting magnet was used to put the test specimen under a magnetic field that changed from +0.01 T to -0.01 T to observe the relation between magnetic field intensity and coercive force (B-H curve). The B-H curve shows a definite tendency towards a higher coercive force for test specimens with higher neutron fluence. The test result also shows a good relation between mechanical properties, such as yield strength, tensile strength, and the Charpy impact test result, with SQUID output. This proves that there is a very good chance of developing a non-destructive evaluation system for nuclear reactor structure. This kind of evaluation system would be a great help in making plant life management even more reliable and reasonable.


    superconducting quantum interference device, SQUID, low alloy steel, radiation damage, nuclear reactor, magnetic property

    Author Information:

    Otaka, M
    Senior Research Scientist, Mechanical Engineering Research Laboratory, Hitachi Ltd., Ibaraki,

    Shimizu, S
    Engineer, Hitachi Works, Hitachi Ltd., Ibaraki,

    Morinaka, R
    Engineer, Hitachi Works, Hitachi Ltd., Ibaraki,

    Maeda, N
    Director, JAPEIC Research Center, Japan Power Engineering and Inspection Corporation, Yokohama,

    Yamaguchi, A
    Director, JAPEIC Research Center, Japan Power Engineering and Inspection Corporation, Yokohama,

    Paper ID: STP13888S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E10.07

    DOI: 10.1520/STP13888S

    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.