STP1324: Performance of Septic Systems Designed for Effluent Storage using Soil Morphology

    Rutledge, EM
    Professors, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR

    Owens, PR
    Research Specialist, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR

    Goff, RL
    Soil Scientist and Program Manager, Environmental Health Service, Little Rock, AR

    Gross, MA
    Associate Professor, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR

    Brumbelow, T
    Soil Scientist and Program Manager, Environmental Health Service, Little Rock, AR

    Wolf, DC
    Professors, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR

    Pages: 11    Published: Jan 1997


    Abstract

    The objectives of this manuscript are to outline a procedure for locating and sizing septic tank filter fields and to evaluate the performance of filter fields designed by this approach. The limitations on effluent loading due to the crust which forms at the gravel-soil interface have long been recognized. Our previous research has shown that in many soils, effluent must be stored in the filter field during periods of hydraulic stress. Thus, the hydraulically limiting factor for filter field loading rates is either transmission by the crust or storage of effluent within the filter field, whichever is most limiting. This approach, the storage-crust approach, uses soil features to estimate the amount of storage needed and the design to achieve the needed storage or the design to accommodate crust transmission rates if crusting is limiting. A 13% sample of 190 filter fields which were designed by the storage-crust technique indicated no failures. Also, no failures have been reported by personnel of the Arkansas Department of Health.

    Keywords:

    septic systems, soils and septic systems, septic system loading rates


    Paper ID: STP13795S

    Committee/Subcommittee: D18.01

    DOI: 10.1520/STP13795S


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