Stress Intensity Factor Solutions for Cracks in Threaded Fasteners

    Published: Jan 2000

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    Nondimensional stress intensity factor (K) solutions for continuous circumferential cracks in threaded fasteners were calculated using finite-element methods that determined the energy release rate during virtual crack extension. Assumed loading conditions included both remote tension and nut loading, whereby the effect of applying the load to the thread flanks was considered. In addition, K solutions were developed for axisymmetric surface cracks in notched and smooth round bars. Results showed that the stress concentration of a thread causes a considerable increase in K for shallow cracks, but has much less effect for longer cracks. In the latter case, values of K can be accurately estimated from K solutions for axi-symmetric cracks in smooth round bars. Nut loading increased K by about 50% for shallow cracks, but this effect became negligible at crack depth-to-minor diameter ratios (a/d) greater than 0.2. An evaluation of thread root acuity effects showed that the root radius has no effect on K when the crack depth exceeds 2% of the minor diameter. Closed-form K solutions were developed for both remote-loading and nut-loading conditions, and for a wide range of thread root radii. The K solutions obtained in this study were compared with available literature solutions for threaded fasteners as well as notched and smooth round bars.


    threaded fasteners, stress intensity factor solutions, axisymmetric cracks, axisymmetric finite-element analysis

    Author Information:

    Oster, DM
    Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, West Mifflin, PA

    Mills, WJ
    Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, West Mifflin, PA

    Committee/Subcommittee: E08.09

    DOI: 10.1520/STP13527S

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