Surface Pretreatment and Adhesive Bonding of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Epoxy Composites

    Published: Jan 1994

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    Due to the nature of the matrix in carbon fiber-reinforced polymeric composites, conventional methods of joining, such as riveting, bolting or soldering, are not always suitable in structural applications. The preferred method to date is adhesive bonding. The objective of this research is to evaluate the effect of surface pretreatment on the epoxy composite/adhesive interphase. Composite surface pretreatments which were evaluated include grit blasting, peel ply and plasma treatment. The results of lap shear and wedge testing in various environments were correlated to the surface composition after pretreatment, as measured by surface sensitive analytical techniques such as x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, ion scattering spectroscopy, contact angle analysis, profilometry and scanning electron microscopy.


    epoxy, surface pretreatment, grit-blasting, peel ply, plasma, surface analysis, interphase, adhesive bonding

    Author Information:

    Chin, JW
    Graduate Research Assistant, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia

    Wightman, JP
    Alumni Distinguished Professor of Chemistry and Director of the Center for Adhesive and Sealant Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia

    Committee/Subcommittee: D14.80

    DOI: 10.1520/STP12911S

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