STP1224

    Enhancement of the Standard for PVC Roof Membrane Material with the use of Mechanical and Chemical Analysis

    Published: Jan 1994


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    Abstract

    Samples of reinforced and unreinforced PVC roofing membranes were studied using dynamic mechanical analysis and tensile testing. Preliminary work has shown that the glass-transition temperature provides an indication of the relative stability of the membranes and may assist in understanding the shattering phenomenon.

    This study discusses the utility of using the glass-transition temperature in standards for the reinforced PVC roofing membranes. It is shown that Tg values are easily obtained from dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) and that DMA should be considered in the standards for roofing membranes.

    Based upon the characterization of samples from shattered roofs, as well as reinforced materials subjected to artificial weathering, recommendations for enhancing the ASTM Standard D4434 are presented.

    Keywords:

    PVC, poly(vinyl chloride), unreinforced PVC, shattering, reinforced PVC, glass-transition temperature, T, g, dynamic mechanical analysis, DMA, roofing membranes, thermal analysis, ASTM D 4434


    Author Information:

    Paroli, RM
    Institute for Research in Construction, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ont.

    Dutt, O
    Institute for Research in Construction, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ont.

    Smith, TL
    National Roofing Contractors Association, Rosemont, IL

    Whelan, BJ
    Sarnafil Inc., Canton, Mass.


    Paper ID: STP12904S

    Committee/Subcommittee: D08.20

    DOI: 10.1520/STP12904S


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