STP1346: Adherent Alumina Coatings by Ion Beam Synthesis

    Armini, AJ
    President, Chief Scientist, and Mechanical Engineer, Implant Sciences Corporation, Wakefield, MA

    Bunker, SN
    President, Chief Scientist, and Mechanical Engineer, Implant Sciences Corporation, Wakefield, MA

    Huntington, DM
    President, Chief Scientist, and Mechanical Engineer, Implant Sciences Corporation, Wakefield, MA

    Pages: 13    Published: Jan 1998


    Abstract

    The lower wear rate obtained with bulk alumina femoral hip balls compared to cobalt-chromium alloy balls on ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene is well documented in clinical studies. An alumina coating on a cobalt-chrome component would produce the superior surface properties of the ceramic combined with the desirable bulk properties of the metal. A new technique for forming a blended interface between the alumina coating and cobalt-chrome has been developed. The process uses a high energy ion beam of aluminum impinging on a cobalt-chrome substrate in an oxygen ambient gas to grow the alumina from beneath the metal's surface. Interface thicknesses up to 1200 Angstroms thick have been observed. To date, flat coupons and hip balls, have been coated with coatings 1 micron thick. The coatings were evaluated for polyethylene wear using a laboratory screening tribometer which has been designed to simulate non-linear tracking of the femoral ball on the UHMW polyethylene. The adhesion was measured using a diamond point scratch tester.

    Keywords:

    ion implantation, alumina, ceramic, coating, polyethylene wear, pin-on-disk, cobalt-chrome


    Paper ID: STP12840S

    Committee/Subcommittee: F04.13

    DOI: 10.1520/STP12840S


    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.