STP1221: A Tiered Analytical Protocol for the Characterization of Heavy Oil Residues at Petroleum-Contaminated Hazardous Waste Sites

    Pollard, SJT
    Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Research Associate and Professor, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta

    Lecturer, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh,

    Kenefick, SL
    Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Research Associate and Professor, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta

    Hrudey, SE
    Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Research Associate and Professor, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta

    Fuhr, BJ
    Manager and Senior Research Technologist, Oil Sands and Hydrocarbon Recovery, Alberta Research Council, Edmonton, Alberta

    Holloway, LR
    Manager and Senior Research Technologist, Oil Sands and Hydrocarbon Recovery, Alberta Research Council, Edmonton, Alberta

    Rawluk, M
    Manager, Mass Spectrometry Facility, Alberta Research Council, Edmonton, Alberta

    Pages: 15    Published: Jan 1994


    Abstract

    The analysis of hydrocarbon-contaminated soils from abandoned refinery sites in Alberta, Canada is used to illustrate a tiered analytical approach to the characterization of complex hydrocarbon wastes. Soil extracts isolated from heavy oil- and creosote-contaminated sites were characterized by thin layer chromatography with flame ionization detection (TLC-FID), ultraviolet fluorescence, simulated distillation (GC-SIMDIS) and chemical ionization GC-MS analysis. The combined screening and detailed analytical methods provided information essential to remedial technology selection including the extent of contamination, the class composition of soil extracts, the distillation profile of component classes and the distribution of individual class components within various waste fractions. Residual contamination was characteristic of heavy, degraded oils, consistent with documented site operations and length of hydrocarbon exposure at the soil surface.

    Keywords:

    petroleum-contaminated soils, heavy oils, weathered oils, tiered analysis, screening methods, site investigations, risk management


    Paper ID: STP12655S

    Committee/Subcommittee: D18.01

    DOI: 10.1520/STP12655S


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