Evaluating the Physiological Performance of a Liquid Cooling Garment Used to Control Heat Stress in Hazmat Protective Ensembles

    Published: Jan 2005

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF Version (204K) 9 $25   ADD TO CART
    Complete Source PDF (5.0M) 9 $63   ADD TO CART


    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physiological performance of a liquid cooling garment in controlling heat stress in individuals wearing Hazmat protective ensembles. Five heat-acclimated male subjects completed three trials each: standard work clothing (WC), Hazmat suit (H), and a Hazmat suit with torso cooling (HC). All testing took place in an environmental chamber (35°C and 50 % relative humidity) with subjects walking on a treadmill at a metabolic rate of 300 W. Trials were performed until subjects completed the maximum 90 min, achieved the predetermined endpoints in core temperature (38.5°C) or heart rate (95 % of age predicted maximum), or symptoms of fatigue, disorientation, and discomfort forced the participant to discontinue or the researchers to end the test. A significant difference (P<0.05) between HC and H was found in final heart rate and core temperature (Tre), rate of change in heart rate and Tre, and exposure time. As well, HC was similar to WC in all measured physiological variables. It was concluded that a liquid cooling vest was beneficial in alleviating the heat stress caused by Hazmat protective ensembles.


    liquid cooling garment, vapor permeability, Hazmat, heat stress, thermoregulatory response, core temperature

    Author Information:

    Semeniuk, KM
    Med-Eng Systems Inc., Ottawa, ON

    Dionne, J-P
    Med-Eng Systems Inc., Ottawa, ON

    Makris, A
    Med-Eng Systems Inc., Ottawa, ON

    Bernard, TE
    College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL

    Ashley, CD
    College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL

    Medina, T
    College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL

    Paper ID: STP12597S

    Committee/Subcommittee: F23.96

    DOI: 10.1520/STP12597S

    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.