Effects of Irradiation on Crack-Arrest Toughness of a Low Upper-Shelf Energy, High-Copper Weld

    Published: Jan 2000

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    The crack-arrest fracture toughness (Ka) of unirradiated and irradiated specimens machined from a low upper-shelf, high-copper weld was determined. The specimens were machined from the beltline weld of the Midland Unit 1 nuclear reactor pressure vessel (RPV). This weld was fabricated from one heat of weld wire and one lot of welding flux and bears the designation WF-70. It is of particular interest because it has been used in several RPVs that may still be in operation. The effect of irradiation has been measured in terms of the shift of the mean and lower-bound crack-arrest fracture toughness versus temperature curves. These shifts are compared to (1) 41-J transition temperature shift from Charpy V-notch (CVN) tests, ΔTT41-J; (2) shift in the Master Curve transition temperature, T0, at the 100 MPa√m level, ΔT0; and (3) shift of the “arrest force” Fa temperature determined from instrumented CVN testing, ΔTFa. Preliminary results indicate that the shift of Ka of this low upper-shelf energy weld is approximately the same as the shift ΔTT41-J, larger than ΔT0, and significantly larger than ΔTFa.


    low upper-shelf energy weld, crack arrest, fracture toughness, irradiation, nil-ductility transition temperature, NDT, radiation damage, reactor pressure vessel steels, transition temperature shift

    Author Information:

    Iskander, SK
    Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    Nanstad, RK
    Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    McCabe, DE
    Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    Swain, RL
    Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

    Committee/Subcommittee: E10.07

    DOI: 10.1520/STP12394S

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