STP1321: Stress Concentration, Stress Intensity and Fatigue Lifetime Calculations for Shrink-Fit Compound Tubes Containing Axial Holes Within the Wall

    Endersby, SN
    Research Student, University of Northumbria, Newcastle,

    Parker, AP
    Visiting Professor, Royal Military Coll of Science, Cranfield University, Swindon, SN6 8LA

    Bond, TJ
    Principal Lecturer, University of Northumbria, Newcastle,

    Underwood, JH
    Research Engineer, Army Armament R D & E Center, Watervliet, NY

    Pages: 12    Published: Jan 1997


    Abstract

    Elastic-plastic numerical stress analyses and fatigue lifetime predictions are presented for shrink-fit compound tubes containing multiple, axial holes at the interface between inner and outer tube. The holes, which are semi-circular, are introduced initially as periodic notches on the outer surface of the inner tube and an outer plain tube is heated, slid over the inner tube and allowed to cool to achieve the shrink-fit. Residual stresses resulting from interference and operational stress ranges arising from cyclic bore pressurization are calculated and fatigue lifetimes are predicted. Two potentially critical locations for fatigue failure are identified as the bore and the notch root. The predicted lifetimes are compared with earlier work on a similar overall geometry subjected to autofrettage. The critical location is shown to be at the bore and a clear improvement in overall fatigue lifetime is demonstrated for the shrink-fit tube compared with the autofrettaged tube. As the interface radius is reduced, there is a general reduction in the ratio of fatigue stress range at the bore to that at the hole and the possibility of the critical location moving to the notch root. A normalized presentation for design purposes is proposed.

    Keywords:

    crack growth, fatigue cracks, fatigue lifetimes, axial holes, channels, compound tubes, cylinders, compound cylinders, fracture, fracture mechanics, residual stress, shrink-fit, stress concentration factor, stress intensity factor


    Paper ID: STP12320S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E08.08

    DOI: 10.1520/STP12320S


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