Type, Scale, and Adaptive Narrative: Keeping Models of Salmon, Toxicology and Risk Alive to the World

    Published: Jan 2004

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF (236K) 15 $25   ADD TO CART
    Complete Source PDF (7.8M) 15 $107   ADD TO CART


    In modern day toxicology, problems arise in modeling complex ecosystems, such as the Columbia River system. There remain an abundance of models for which responsibility of assumptions is unaccounted and between which cohesion lacks. Models should be evaluated independently, taking into mind issues of scale and type in order to make sure the models actively change in accordance with the adaptive system they try to represent. The authors here suggest using narratives to weave together the inconsistent models. Narratives allow scientists to take responsibility for their assumptions and facilitate improved coherence between models. Problem solving engines, such as soft systems methodology, may then be used to achieve these modeling and adaptive management goals.


    narrative, model, complex systems, scale, ecosystem, toxicology, salmon, risk assessment, hierarchy theory

    Author Information:

    McCormick, RJ
    Senior Ecologist, Compliance Services International, Tacoma, WA

    Zellmer, AJ
    Research Aide and Professor, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

    Allen, TFH
    Research Aide and Professor, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

    Committee/Subcommittee: E47.05

    DOI: 10.1520/STP11943S

    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.