You are being redirected because this document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.
    This document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.


    Spectator Safety Management in Baseball/Softball

    Published: Jan 1997

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF () 20 $25   ADD TO CART
    Complete Source PDF (2.9M) 20 $55   ADD TO CART


    A major area of concern when planning, constructing and managing a baseball/softball facility should be the provision of an adequate spectator protection system. The administrators of such a facility must consider the concepts of risk management to insure that the spectators will be provided a safe environment when attending a baseball/softball game.

    This paper examines spectator safety considerations which should be implemented at all stadia that are designed to attract spectators. The paper also undertakes an analysis and comparison of three representative baseball/softball facilities; a professional baseball field in Salt Lake City, Derk’s Field; the Board of Education/Recreation Department Softball Complex in Wappinger’s Falls, New York and the Municipal Recreation Field, in Purchase, New York. In addition to a comparison of the exemplary fields, recommendations are made regarding the reduction of spectator injuries and subsequent litigation.


    baseball, safety, spectator, prevention, injuries, liability, stadium, risk management

    Author Information:

    Lucenko, LK
    Professor, Montclair State University, Upper Montclair, NJ

    Committee/Subcommittee: F08.26

    DOI: 10.1520/STP11870S

    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.