Infrared-Based NDE Methods for Determining Thermal Properties and Defects in Ceramic Composites

    Published: Jan 1997

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    Continuous-fiber ceramic matrix composites are currently being developed for various high temperature applications, including use in advanced heat engines. In the material classes of interest for such applications, i.e., silicon carbide (SiC)-fiber-reinforced SiC (SiC(f)/SiC), AI2O3/Al2O3, etc., the condition of the interface between the fibers and matrix is critical to the mechanical and thermal behavior of each component. A nondestructive evaluation method developed at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) uses infrared thermal imaging to provide “single-shot” full-field measurement of the distribution of thermal diffusivity in large components. By applying digital filtering, interpolation, and least-squares-estimation techniques for noise reduction, we have achieved acquisition and analysis times of minutes or less with submillimeter spatial resolution. The system has been used to examine the effects of thermal shock, oxidation treatment, and variations in density and fiber coatings in a full array of test specimens.


    infrared imaging, thermal diffusivity, continuous-fiber ceramic composites, nondestructive evaluation

    Author Information:

    Ahuja, S
    Materials Scientist and Senior Scientist, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL

    Ellingson, WA
    Materials Scientist and Senior Scientist, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL

    Steckenrider, JS
    Materials Scientist, Cabot Corporation, Aurora, IL

    Koch, SJ
    Graduate student, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

    Committee/Subcommittee: C28.07

    DOI: 10.1520/STP11822S

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