STP1304

    Investigation of the High-Temperature Damping of the Nickel-Base Superalloy CMSX-4 in the kHz-Range

    Published: Jan 1997


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    Abstract

    The elastic moduli of two-phase (γ-matrix and γ'-precipitates) nickel-base alloys show a strong decrease between 1000 and 1100°C. Damping measurements were carried out with specimens of the nickel-base superalloy CMSX-4, a near-γ matrix material, and the intermetallic phase Ni3Al (considered as near γ') with the aim to achieve a better understanding of this elastic moduli decrease. For the determination of the damping a free-free beam technique was applied. In CMSX-4 two different damping peaks separated by about 70 K for each mode of the flexural vibration are found between 1000 and 1200°C. The corresponding relaxation processes cause a modulus defect of about 20%. The damping spectrum of the near-γ' material Ni3Al is very similar to that observed for the alloy, with two relaxation peaks in the same temperature range. In contrast to that, the near-γ matrix material exhibits only one maximum in the spectrum. A comparison of the evaluated damping parameters of the relaxation peaks in the different materials leads to the conclusion that the diffusion of nickel and aluminum atoms in the γ'-phase most probably is responsible for the observed relaxations.

    Keywords:

    nickel-base superalloys, intermetallic phase, high temperature, Young's modulus, damping, diffusion mechanism


    Author Information:

    Hermann, W
    Research engineer and professor, Institut für Werkstoffwissenschaften, Lehrstuhl 1,Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen,

    Sockel, HG
    Research engineer and professor, Institut für Werkstoffwissenschaften, Lehrstuhl 1,Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen,


    Paper ID: STP11744S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E28.10

    DOI: 10.1520/STP11744S


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