STP1304

    Mechanical Damping in the Martensitic Phase of Cu-Al-Ni Crystals

    Published: Jan 1997


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    Abstract

    Amplitude and frequency dependences of intrinsic damping have been studied in copper-aluminum-nickel (Cu-Al-Ni) single crystals in the martensitic state after different heat treatments. The measurements of intrinsic damping were performed by resonant and forced oscillation techniques in a range from infra-to ultrasonic frequencies. The conclusion is drawn that during aging in β-phase (200°C) the behavior of the pinning obstacles in the martensitic state at room temperature changes from highly mobile and forming atmospheres around the mobile defects, presumably dislocations, to rather immobile and homogeneously distributed in the bulk of the crystal. Observed regularities of the amplitude-dependent intrinsic damping do not correspond to the breakaway model of amplitude-dependent internal friction both for quenched and aged specimens. In contrast to the generally accepted point of view, a notable frequency dependence of the amplitude-dependent damping is revealed, especially in the case of quenched specimens. Short-range pinning points are considered as basic obstacles for dislocation motion in the quenched specimens. Two types of obstacles are supposed to form the amplitude frequency spectra of damping for the aged specimens: purely hysteretic or athermal, due to the presence of γ-precipitates, and thermally activated due to the existence of short-range pinning points.

    Keywords:

    amplitude-dependent damping, thermoelastic martensitic transformation, anelastic strain, hysteretic and thermally activated damping mechanisms


    Author Information:

    Kustov, SB
    Research fellow, professor, and research fellow, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Heverlee,

    Senior scientist and scientist, A. F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, St. Petersburg,

    Humbeeck, JV
    Research fellow, professor, and research fellow, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Heverlee,

    Hurtado, I
    Research fellow, professor, and research fellow, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Heverlee,

    Golyandin, SN
    Senior scientist and scientist, A. F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, St. Petersburg,

    De Batist, R
    Professor, University of Antwerp (RUCA, Antwerpen,


    Paper ID: STP11741S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E28.10

    DOI: 10.1520/STP11741S


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