STP1306

    A Review of Laboratory Toxicity Identification Procedures-Investigative and Applied Approaches

    Published: Jan 1996


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    Abstract

    This paper reviews some of the laboratory Toxicity Identification Evaluation (TIE) protocols published to date. A history of the development of these techniques and their application in effluents is presented. Also presented are examples of applications of these techniques, a review of selected techniques, a summary of individual techniques and the chemicals they remove or render nontoxic, and case studies. Many laboratory TIE techniques are available beyond those published by USEPA, and a myriad of techniques have been successfully applied. The published techniques were found to be generally “investigative” or “applied” in nature. It is concluded from this review that the generally chemical-specific investigative techniques and the applied techniques, which do not emphasize the identification of specific toxicants, can both be useful under various conditions. However, it is recommended that as a means to preliminarily evaluate fullscale wastewater treatment options and possibly identify specific toxicants amenable to “upstream” control, laboratory TIE methodologies combining both approaches be used.

    Keywords:

    Toxicity Identification Evaluation, TIE, Toxicity Reduction Evaluation, TRE, Aquatic Toxicity, Toxicity Characterization, Fractionation, Wastewater Treatment


    Author Information:

    Hall, WS
    Manager, Ecotoxicology Group, The ADVENT Group, Inc., Brentwood, TN


    Paper ID: STP11721S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E47.01

    DOI: 10.1520/STP11721S


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