STP1454: Upward Flammability Testing — A Probabilistic Measurement

    Engel, CD
    Deputy program manager and research specialist, Qualis Corporation, Marshall Space Flight Center/ED36, Huntsville, AL

    Davis, SE
    Materials engineers, Materials Compatibility Team, Chemistry Group, Marshall Space Flight Center/ED36, Huntsville, AL

    Richardson, EH
    Materials engineers, Materials Compatibility Team, Chemistry Group, Marshall Space Flight Center/ED36, Huntsville, AL

    Pages: 12    Published: Jan 2003


    Abstract

    Examination of NASA-STD-6001 Test 1 data suggests burn length outcome for a given environment has a large statistical variation from run to run. Large data sets show that burn length data form cumulative probability distribution curves, which describe a material's characteristic to burn in a specific environment, suggesting that the current practice of testing three samples at specific conditions is inadequate. Sufficient testing can establish material characteristics probability curves to provide the probability that a material will sustain a burn length of at least 15.24 cm (6.0 in.) or will sustain burning until all material is consumed. A simple pass/fail criterion may not be possible or practical. Future application of flammability data for some material classes may require the engineer to assess risk based on the probability of an occurrence and the probable outcome with different materials as characterized with cumulative burn length distributions for specific use conditions.

    Keywords:

    flammability, oxygen testing, NASA-STD-6001, cumulative distribution, burn length


    Paper ID: STP11578S

    Committee/Subcommittee: G04.01

    DOI: 10.1520/STP11578S


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