STP1449

    Comparisons of 2-Ethylhexyl Ester Formulations of 2,4-D: Chemistry and Bioefficacy

    Published: Jan 2003


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    Abstract

    In field trials, two formulations of 2-ethylhexyl ester 2,4-D, having different solvent systems, were applied to various crop and weed species. HM-9625-A is a traditional 2,4-D ester formulation using aromatic solvents and emulsifiers. In HM-9625-B, the aromatic solvent was replaced by a co-formulation of methylated soybean oil and organosilicone surfactant. Determinations of crop or pasture phytotoxicity and weed efficacy were observed. Also, reduced rates of the co-formulated compound (HM9625-B), were compared to higher rates of the standard material (HM9625-A), to determine differences in activity between the compounds. There was no injury observed due to applications of either formulation at all rates tested, to wheat, oats, barley, corn, orchardgrass or tall fescue. Generally, the co-formulated 2,4-D provided equivalent to slightly greater weed control at reduced rate. The field trials were conducted in 1997, 1998 and 2000 at locations in the Midwest and Northeastern regions of the United States.

    Keywords:

    Solvents, Esterfied Seed Oils, Surfactants, Phenoxy herbicides, Organosilicone


    Author Information:

    Mack, RE
    Supervisor, Helena Chemical Company, Memphis, TN

    Roberts, JR
    Director, Helena Chemical Company, Memphis, TN

    Volgas, GC
    Manager, Helena Chemical Company, Memphis, TN


    Paper ID: STP11202S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E35.22

    DOI: 10.1520/STP11202S


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