STP1421

    Atmosheric Corrosion of Naturally and Pre-Patinated Copper Roofs in Singapore and Stockholm — Runoff Rates and Corrosion Product Formation

    Published: Jan 2002


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    Abstract

    Runoff rates of copper have been determined during a one-year field exposure in the city of Singapore, Republic of Singapore, and a four-year exposure in the city of Stockholm, Sweden, from brown and green pre-patinated copper sheet and naturally patinated copper sheet being fresh and 130 years old. Except for being geographically distant, the urban sites are characterized by large differences in climatic and environmental conditions. Measured annual runoff rates from fresh and brown prepatinated are 1.1 –1.6 g/m2 and 5.5–5.7 g/m2, in Stockholm and Singapore, respectively. Naturally aged copper sheet being 130 years old and green pre-patinated copper sheet show slightly higher (1.6–2.3 g/m2), but comparable runoff rates in Stockholm. In Singapore, runoff rates from green pre-patinated copper sheet are 8.4–8.8 g/m2. Differences in runoff rates between Singapore and Stockholm are primarily a result of more abundant rainfall, being five to eight times larger in Singapore. Comparable runoff rates between fresh and brown-patinated copper sheet and between green naturally patinated and green pre-patinated copper sheet at each site are related to similarities in patina morphology and composition.

    Keywords:

    Copper, pre-patination, atmospheric corrosion, patina, runoff rate, corrosion products, cupric ion


    Author Information:

    Wallinder, IO
    Assistant Professor and Professor, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm,

    Korpinen, T
    Project Manager, Outokumpu Copper Partner AB, Västerås,

    Sundberg, R
    Consultant, Scandinavian Copper Development Association, Västerås,

    Leygraf, C
    Assistant Professor and Professor, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm,


    Paper ID: STP10896S

    Committee/Subcommittee: G01.04

    DOI: 10.1520/STP10896S


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