Published: Jan 2013
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This chapter presents the principles of design and operation of major refinery separation units, including desalting, distillation, absorption and stripping, liquid-liquid extraction, and filtration, along with the heat-transfer equipment, phase separators, pumps, and compressors used in petroleum refining and natural gas processing. With the information presented in this chapter, one can calculate the height, diameter, and thickness of a distillation column, feed entry location, heat requirement for the column, and rate of heat removal in a condenser. Similar calculations for gas absorption and extraction columns are presented. Heat requirements and related design calculations for heat exchangers, furnaces, and heat transfer units are also presented. Some basic calculations and information about pumps and compressors are provided.
Separation units, design and operation, desalting, distillation, gas absorption, extraction, column design, column efficiency, energy requirement, heat transfer units, fired heaters, two- and three-phase separating units, compressors and pumps, filtration and filter selection
Rodwell, M. C.
Fluor Canada, Ltd., Calgary, Alberta
Riazi, M. R.