Published: Jan 2010
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THIS CHAPTER WAS GENERATED TO GIVE AN overview of base oils. Base oils are components of many finished products, including lubricating oils, automotive and diesel engine oils, lubricating greases, white mineral oils, rubber processing oils, industrial oils, and refrigeration and heat transfer fluids, of which most are discussed in detail in other chapters. Lubricant base oils are commonly referred to as base oils, base stocks, mineral oil base fluids, mineral oils, lubricant base fluids, and hydrocarbon base oils throughout the industry. Base oils are manufactured from various refining processes, including both the refining of crude oil and the re-refining of used oils. Oil properties vary based on the feedstock, refining process, and manufacturing parameters. This chapter represents the first step in describing properties of lubricant base fluids affecting product performance. Test methods have been identified to characterize the composition and performance of base oils in addition to verifying their consistency.
Hall, Jennifer D.
Quality and Specialty Products Development Manager, Holly Refining and Marketing, Tulsa, OK