Published: Jun 2003
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THE IMPORTANCE OF FLOW PROPERTIES IN THE MANUFACTURE AND USE OF MATERIALS cannot be over emphasized. The flow properties of materials ranging from gasses, such as oxygen, to liquids, such as water, paints and lubricants, to semi-solid and solid materials such as asphalt cements, glass, and steel are important in both the manufacture and use of these materials. In the manufacturing of materials, flow properties can affect the manner in which materials are handled and packaged. For example, pumps, mixing equipment, and packaging equipment must be correctly selected and sized to handle the material being processed. Likewise, flow properties are important in the use of materials. Paints must be designed to flow when brushed, but remain on the painted surface, even when the surface is vertical. Lubricants must have flow properties allowing them to be distributed to the required location and then remained to provide appropriate lubrication. As can be seen from these few examples, measurement and characterization of flow properties are essential.
Consultant, State College, PA
President, Cannon Instrument Company, State College, PA