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    Chapter 13-Hydraulic Fluids

    Published: Jun 2003

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    THE PRIMARY PURPOSE OF A HYDRAULIC FLUID is to transfer power. The concept of fluid power is based on a principle articulated by Blaise Pascal, which is usually given as follows: “Pressure applied to an enclosed fluid is transmitted undiminished to every portion of that fluid and the walls of the containing vessel” [1]. Within the context of fluid power, pressure is related to the force acting on a confined fluid as illustrated in Fig. 1 [2]. This principle has given rise to modern hydraulics, which entails highly engineered systems for efficiently controlling fluid flow to transfer energy and accomplish work.

    Author Information:

    Givens, WA
    Exxon Mobil Research & Engineering, Paulsboro, NJ

    Michael, PW
    Benz Oil, Milwaukee, WI

    Committee/Subcommittee: D02.N0

    DOI: 10.1520/MNL10728M

    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    ISBN10: 0-8031-2096-6
    ISBN13: 978-0-8031-2096-9