Fracture and Viscoelastic Properties of Asphalt Binders During Fatigue and Rest Periods

    Volume 42, Issue 1 (January 2014)

    ISSN: 0090-3973


    Published Online: 17 October 2013

    Page Count: 10

    Shen, Shihui
    Associate Professor, Pennsylvania State University – Altoona, Altoona, PA

    Lu, Xin
    Graduate Research Assistant, Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA

    Zhang, Yuqing
    Postdoctoral Research Associate, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, College Station, TX

    Lytton, Robert
    Professor, Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX

    (Received 6 February 2013; accepted 27 June 2013)


    Viscoelastic asphalt binder plays an important role in bonding individual aggregate particles and contributes to the durability and stability of asphalt pavement. When asphalt binder is subjected to cyclic loading, deformation and fracture may develop simultaneously within it, leading to the deterioration of material properties and eventually fatigue failure. Research has found that some degree of recovery may develop if rest periods are applied after fatigue deterioration. However, it is not clear whether such recovery is caused by fracture healing, viscoelastic recovery, or both. This paper presents an analysis to differentiate the contributions of fracture healing and viscoelastic recovery to the asphalt binder during rest periods. It also evaluates the damage caused by deformation and fracture during a fatigue process. It is found that viscoelastic recovery plays an important role in the instant increase in the dynamic shear modulus at the beginning of the rest period. The effect of fracture healing on dynamic shear modulus recovery is more dominant in the long term. A healing index is developed based only on the fracture healing of asphalt binder, excluding the effect of viscoelastic recovery. It can be used to evaluate the true healing properties of different asphalt binders.

    Paper ID: JTE20130030

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE20130030

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Title Fracture and Viscoelastic Properties of Asphalt Binders During Fatigue and Rest Periods
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D04