(Received 22 October 1990; accepted 21 February 1991)
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The ability of a corrugated fiberboard box to protect its contents is related to its compression strength. The corrugated container industry has been manufacturing corrugated fiberboard according to bursting strength and basis weight specifications. These specifications do not accurately reflect the ability of a box to meet performance requirements in the distribution environment. This study investigates the effect of package weight and the handling environment on the reduction in compression strength of corrugated containers. The mean compression strength and corresponding deflection values for three box sizes were evaluated as a function of package weight and drop height after handling. The compression strength decreased as the package weights increased and as the drop heights increased. The mean edge crush, flat crush, and bursting strength values were unchanged as the test conditions became more severe.
Assistant Professor, School of Packaging, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI
Packaging Engineer, Packard Electric, Toledo, Ohio
Associate Professor, School of Packaging, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI
Stock #: JTE12589J