Volume 19, Issue 3 (May 1991)
Prediction of the Strength of Ceramic Tubular Components: Part II—Experimental Verification
The strength distribution of reaction-bonded silicon carbide tubes that failed by internal pressurization was predicted from strength distributions obtained from simple laboratory test specimens at room temperature. The strength distributions of flexure bars, C-rings tested in tension, C-rings tested in compression, diametrally compressed O-rings, and internally pressurized short tubes were compared with the strength distribution of internally pressurized long tubes. The methodology involved application of Weibull statistics using elasticity theory to define the stress distributions in the simple specimens. The flexural specimens did not yield acceptable results, since they were ground before testing, thereby altering their flaw population in comparison with the processing-induced flaw populations of the tubular specimens. However, the short tube internal pressure test, the C-ring tested in tension, and the diametrally compressed O-ring test configurations yielded accurate strength predictions of full-scale tubular components, since these specimens more accurately represent the strength-limiting flaw population in the long tubes.