Volume 27, Issue 6 (November 1999)

    Repeatability and Bias of Two Walkway Safety Tribometers

    (Received 15 March 1999; accepted 4 August 1999)


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    Falls resulting from slips on walkway surfaces are a significant source of injury in society. To measure friction between the floor and the shoe, various types of tribometers and ASTM standards have been developed to assess walkway slip-resistance with the goal of improving pedestrian safety. The purpose of this study was to determine the repeatability and bias of the PIAST and VIT tribometers under both dry and wet conditions. Both devices were tested on an AMTI force platform over a wide range of angles. Bias was assessed by comparing the tribometer slip resistance reading to the actual Fx/Fz ratio measured by the force plate, while reliability was established by evaluating the ability of the tribometers to reproduce Fx, Fz, and the Fx/Fz ratio. Both tribometers demonstrated high degrees of bias and repeatability under both wet and dry conditions; however, each measured different slip-resistance values for the same surface. Further study should be directed at establishing which tribometer best simulates initial foot contact during gait with respect to measuring slip resistance.

    Author Information:

    Powers, CM
    Assistant professor, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA

    Kulig, K
    Associate professor of Clinical Physical Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA

    Flynn, J
    J2 Engineering Inc., Fresno, CA

    Brault, JR
    Senior biomechanist, Biomechanics Research & Consulting Inc., El Segundo, CA

    Stock #: JTE12164J

    ISSN: 0090-3973

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE12164J

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    Title Repeatability and Bias of Two Walkway Safety Tribometers
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee F06