Volume 20, Issue 6 (November 1992)

    Residual Stresses and Fatigue Precracking Techniques for Weldment Fracture Toughness Specimens

    (Received 8 November 1991; accepted 23 April 1992)

    CODEN: JTEOAD

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    Abstract

    This article examines the ability of the local compression, stepwise high R-ratio, and reverse bend weldment fatigue precracking techniques to remove the residual stresses in the uncracked ligaments of as-welded fracture mechanics test specimens. The stepwise high R-ratio and reverse bend techniques appeared to have no significant influence on the residual stresses in the ligament. This was demonstrated by the occurrence of nonuniform fatigue cracks when these techniques were followed by the standard fatigue precracking procedures. Specimens given these treatments, and other specimens fatigue precracked using the standard procedures, showed evidence of crack closure and initial compliances that were lower than normal for these specimen geometries. In contrast, local compression reduced the residual stresses in the uncracked ligaments to low, uniform levels. This was indicated by acceptable fatigue precrack front-straightness and normal specimen compliance. Therefore, of the three precracking techniques investigated, only the local compression technique is recommended.


    Author Information:

    Reemsnyder, HS
    Senior research consultant, Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Bethlehem, PA

    Pisarski, HG
    Principal research engineer and principal fracture consultant, TWI, Abington Hall, Cambridge, UK

    Dawes, MG
    Principal research engineer and principal fracture consultant, TWI, Abington Hall, Cambridge, UK


    Stock #: JTE11933J

    ISSN: 0090-3973

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE11933J

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    Author
    Title Residual Stresses and Fatigue Precracking Techniques for Weldment Fracture Toughness Specimens
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E08