Objective Evaluation of Surface Characteristics to Determine Smoothness of Pile Fabrics

    Volume 22, Issue 4 (July 1994)

    ISSN: 0090-3973

    CODEN: JTEOAD

    Page Count: 9


    Ajayi, JO
    University of Strathclyde, Fiber and Textile Research Unit, Glasgow,

    Abubakar Tafawa Belewa University, Chemistry Program, Bauchi,

    Elder, HM
    University of Strathclyde, Fiber and Textile Research Unit, Glasgow,

    (Received 25 May 1993; accepted 31 January 1994)

    Abstract

    Measurements of surface characteristics of pile fabrics by various methods to determine surface smoothness is reported. It is demonstrated that the number of peaks detected by methods using a roller, stylus, and friction traces is the best indicator of fabric smoothness. A negative correlation between this quantity and smoothness suggests that fabrics that yield more peaks are likely to be smoother than those with fewer peaks. This also agrees broadly with the results of friction measurement, lateral air flow, and microscopic measurements. Subjectively, judges found fabrics readily identifiable, but finding the right descriptive adjective for these differences remains a problem.


    Paper ID: JTE11850J

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE11850J

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title Objective Evaluation of Surface Characteristics to Determine Smoothness of Pile Fabrics
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D18