Deducing Crack History in an Aged Boiler Tube from Fracture Surface Topography

    Volume 22, Issue 4 (July 1994)

    ISSN: 0090-3973

    CODEN: JTEOAD

    Page Count: 9


    Kobayashi, T
    Senior research engineer and associate director, SRI International, Menlo Park, CA

    Shockey, DA
    Senior research engineer and associate director, SRI International, Menlo Park, CA

    Ogundele, G
    Research engineer, senior engineer, and manager, Ontario Hydro, Toronto, Ontario

    McNabb, DD
    Research engineer, senior engineer, and manager, Ontario Hydro, Toronto, Ontario

    Sidey, D
    Research engineer, senior engineer, and manager, Ontario Hydro, Toronto, Ontario

    (Received 26 July 1993; accepted 28 February 1994)

    Abstract

    A new fractographic technique, FRActure Surface Topography Analysis (FRASTA), was applied to a crack in a boiler tube of a fossil-fired power plant in an attempt to determine when in its 22-year service history the crack initiated and the rate at which it grew. By comparing the topographies of the conjugate crack surfaces, we estimated that the crack nucleated about 68 000 h after onset of service and experienced several periods of accelerated and decelerated growth with rates ranging from 5 × 10 to 9.5 × 10 mm/h. These findings correlated roughly with chemical cleanings and startup/shutdown cycles. A similar analysis of a corrosion fatigue specimen tested under controlled conditions in the laboratory provided results consistent with measured values.

    These results suggest that fractography can be used to extract valuable information on cracking kinetics in aged systems and thereby, lead to new ways to predict, monitor, and extend component life.


    Paper ID: JTE11839J

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE11839J

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    Author
    Title Deducing Crack History in an Aged Boiler Tube from Fracture Surface Topography
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E08