Volume 21, Issue 3 (May 1993)
Analysis of Marshall Test Behavior with Triaxial Test Determined Material Properties
The Marshall test is one of the most common methods used for mix design and quality control of asphalt concrete mixtures. However, this method is empirical in nature and does not provide fundamental engineering properties. Fundamental engineering properties provide a basis for rational analysis and design of asphalt concrete pavements. The triaxial test method described in this paper allows engineering properties such as internal angle of friction. φ. cohesion, c, and elastic modulus. E. to be determined. The method of specimen preparation and the triaxial test setup are briefly described. A numerical simulation of the Marshall test is performed using a plane-stress finite element analysis with triaxial test determined properties as input parameters. A constitutive plasticity model based on the Drucker-Prager yield condition is used to describe the elasto-plastic behavior of the specimen. Analysis shows that the model very well describes the deformation progression before failure and can predict experimental Marshall stability value very closely. There is some underprediction of the Marshall flow, probably due to the idealization of an elastic-perfectly-plastic stress-strain relationship for asphalt concrete.