Volume 25, Issue 3 (May 1997)

    Consensus Values and Reference Values Illustrated by the Charpy Machine Certification Program

    (Received 14 March 1996; accepted 4 September 1996)

    CODEN: JTEOAD

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    Abstract

    We present an overview of consensus values and reference values for various situations and apply the computational methods to data from the Charpy machine certification program administered by the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Candidate Charpy machines are certified by comparing a reference value to the average of a set of verification specimens measured by the candidate machine. Currently, the reference value is the average of three averages observed for measurements taken using three Charpy reference machines. However, the simple average, which does not account for differences among reference machines, may not be the optimal method of computing the reference value for every situation. We describe four different methods based on the simple average, the average weighted by sample size, the weighted average that takes into account machine differences, and the weighted average when machine biases are known, for computing the consensus value and its uncertainty. We also present two methods for computing reference values using weighted and unweighted averages. The techniques and recommendations described in the paper are applicable to consensus value and reference value problems in general.


    Author Information:

    Wang, JC-M
    Mathematical statistician, Computing and Allied Mathematics Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO

    Splett, JD
    Mathematical statistician, Computing and Allied Mathematics Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO


    Stock #: JTE11343J

    ISSN: 0090-3973

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE11343J

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    Author
    Title Consensus Values and Reference Values Illustrated by the Charpy Machine Certification Program
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E28