A Methodology for the Fire Resistance Testing of Structural Components at Reduced Scale

    Volume 25, Issue 3 (May 1997)

    ISSN: 0090-3973

    CODEN: JTEOAD

    Page Count: 10


    O'Connor, DJ
    Fire Engineering Research Centre, School of the Built Environment, University of Ulster, Co. Amtrim, Northern Ireland,

    Morris, B
    Fire Engineering Research Centre, School of the Built Environment, University of Ulster, Co. Amtrim, Northern Ireland,

    Silcock, GWH
    Fire Engineering Research Centre, School of the Built Environment, University of Ulster, Co. Amtrim, Northern Ireland,

    (Received 8 July 1996; accepted 1 November 1996)

    Abstract

    The full scale fire resistance test forms the basis of acceptance of structural integrity in fire. However, such tests are too expensive to provide more than a limited amount of test data of parametric significance as a means of fully exploring a width of structural responses, required for research purposes as underpinning to the formulation of design guidance.

    In this paper a methodology for the fire testing of reduced-scale structural models, previously outlined in other fire engineering journals, is presented for dissemination to the wider testing community. The principles of scale modeling applied to general structural testing and the specific requirements for scaled thermal modeling are detailed. Their application to the formulation of a new model fire curve for reduced-scale modeling is defined. An initial normalized temperature distribution condition in a test specimen requires the imposition of an inverse scale incident heat flux rule and a scale squared time scale rule. The increased flux requirement can be accommodated by an enhanced temperature axis formulated by consideration of convective and radiative surface heat transfer processes. An alternative suggestion to control model test furnaces by heat flux instrumentation is also postulated.

    Finally, experiences with the application of the methodology to some wide-ranging research studies on brickwork compartment walls, reinforced concrete floor slabs, and steel columns in standard fire tests are presented to illustrate different facets of the application of the methodology. Further applications to “natural” fire tests performed within the Cardington Frame program are also referenced.


    Paper ID: JTE11339J

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE11339J

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    Author
    Title A Methodology for the Fire Resistance Testing of Structural Components at Reduced Scale
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E05