Volume 6, Issue 3 (May 1978)
Frequency, Stress Ratio, and Potential Effects on Fatigue Crack Growth of HY130 Steel in Salt Water
Fatigue crack growth rates over wide ranges of stress intensities (from threshold to nearly critical stress intensity) were measured on HY130 steel in 3.5% sodium chloride aqueous solution at several cyclic frequencies, stress ratios, and potentials. The growth rates are compared with reference data measured in laboratory air. The growth rate curves for both environments can be approximated by two linear sections converging at low stress intensity ranges to the same threshold, which depends only on the stress ratio. The upper parts of the lines with lower slopes converge again to the point where maximum stress intensity approaches its terminal value. As a result, the maximum environmental acceleration of crack growth appears at intermediate stress intensities, and it increases with decreasing frequency and potential. Data indicate a relatively low susceptibility of HY130 steel to corrosion fatigue. With increasing stress ratio R the fatigue crack growth threshold is shifted to lower stress intensity ranges by the same amount in both air and salt water environments. The effect of R on growth rate can be introduced into a power law expression.