Volume 23, Issue 3 (May 1995)
Influence of Embedded Markers on the Response of the Host Material
The effect of embedded marker particles on global stiffness and strains determined when using these markers as fiducial marks is studied analytically. These effects are important to a recently developed strain measurement method that uses before and after X-ray pictures of the embedded marker particles. Global effect of the markers on the stiffness is studied using micromechanical models available from the literature. The error in the measured strain due to the influence of the markers is assessed by both the finite element method and elasticity theory. It is shown that the global influence is small for marker-volume fractions less than 3%. The induced strain measurement error is small for particles that are five or more marker-diameters apart. A simple formula for the strain measurement error in the case of particles that are five or more marker-diameters apart is derived from elasticity theory.