Professor, University of Houston, Houston, TX
Assistant professorresearch investigator, Department of Civil EngineeringGraduate Center for Materials Research, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, MO
Research engineer, Southwestern Laboratories, Houston, TX
(Received 1 October 1993; accepted 17 June 1994)
A universal panel tester was built at the University of Houston to test reinforced concrete panel elements subjected to any combination of in-plane and out-of-plane forces. The forces are applied by 40 in-plane hydraulic jacks of 250-kip (1120-kN) capacity each and 20 out-of-plane hydraulic jacks of 140-kip (630-kN) capacity. The sophisticated hydraulic system makes it possible to simulate any complex stress condition in a panel.
Paper ID: JTE10397J