Characterization of Carbon Black Particles Dispersion in Polymeric Matrix by Indirect Methods

    Volume 39, Issue 5 (September 2011)

    ISSN: 0090-3973

    CODEN: JTEOAD

    Published Online: 27 June 2011

    Page Count: 7


    Jiang, Zhao-Hui
    Key Laboratory of Fiber Modification and Functional Fiber, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin,

    State Key Laboratory of Biobased Fiber Manufacture Technology, China Textile Academy, Beijing,

    Jin, Jian
    State Key Laboratory of Biobased Fiber Manufacture Technology, China Textile Academy, Beijing,

    Xiao, Chang-Fa
    Key Laboratory of Fiber Modification and Functional Fiber, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin,

    Li, Xin
    State Key Laboratory of Biobased Fiber Manufacture Technology, China Textile Academy, Beijing,

    Kong, Ling-Xi
    State Key Laboratory of Biobased Fiber Manufacture Technology, China Textile Academy, Beijing,

    (Received 22 August 2010; accepted 6 May 2011)

    Abstract

    Polypropylene (PP)/carbon black (CB) films were prepared via a two-step masterbatch (MB) dilution technique, by the aid of dynamic mixer following two single-screw extruders. The films were quantitatively characterized by color difference (CD), blackness and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) methods. In the paper, the CD was numerically expressed by CD values. Furthermore, the CD values of films follow quasi-normal distribution as tested by the skewness-kurtosis method. The test of significance confirms the CD values of films are ≤1 NBS (U.S. National Bureau of Standards), which demonstrates CB particles were mixed uniformly in their polymeric matrix. The CD values (quantification) and grey card series (GS, qualification) conform to certain mathematical equation: when CD≤3.4,GS=5-CD/1.7; when CD>3.4, GS=5-lg(CD/0.85)/lg2. In addition, in order to evaluate comprehensively the mixing effect, blackness and TGA method were also employed. With the increment of CB content, the blackness of films increases, which infers that the color difference due to mixing effect of CB particles should be indirectly expressed by blackness. TGA method characterizes mixing uniformity by comparing discrepancy of ash content between films. The results indicate that the films with low CB content have a good mixing effect, while high CB content is unfavorable to decreasing the error of the TGA method.


    Paper ID: JTE103337

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE103337

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    Author
    Title Characterization of Carbon Black Particles Dispersion in Polymeric Matrix by Indirect Methods
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D20