Volume 39, Issue 4 (July 2011)
Evaluation of High Temperature Rheological Characteristics of Asphalt Binder with Carbon Nano Particles
In recent years, nano technology, a relatively new field in science dealing with structures that are on the nano scale, have been used in numerous applications to improve properties of various materials. However, the use of this technology has not been explored in detail in the area of asphalt binder materials. The objective of this study was to investigate and evaluate the high temperature rheological properties of the binders containing various percentages of carbon nano particles. The experimental design for this study included the utilization of five binder sources, three binder grades (PG 64-22, PG 64-16, and PG 52-28), one type of nano particle, and four percentages of nano particles (0.0 %, 0.5 %, 1.0 %, and 1.5 % by weight of the virgin binder). Some of the rheological characteristics of these binders were obtained, including rotational viscometer (four testing temperatures of 120, 135, 150 , and 165°C) and dynamic shear rheometer. The results of the experiments indicated that the addition of nano particles was helpful in increasing the viscosity, failure temperature, phase angle, and viscous and elastic modulus values and in improving the rutting resistance of the binders. On the other hand, the binder sources and grades generally influenced their rheological properties as the nano particles were added to the asphalt binder.