Determination of Physical, Acoustical, Mechanical, and Chemical Properties of Fresh Young Coconut Fruit for Maturity Separation

    Volume 38, Issue 1 (January 2010)

    ISSN: 0090-3973

    CODEN: JTEOAD

    Published Online: 24 September 2009

    Page Count: 8


    Terdwongworakul, Anupun
    Dept. of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering at Kamphaengsaen, Kasetsart Univ., Nakohnpathom, Kamphaengsaen

    Jarimopas, Bundit
    Dept. of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering at Kamphaengsaen, Kasetsart Univ., Nakohnpathom, Kamphaengsaen

    Chaiyapong, Songtham
    Industrial Technology and Gemological Science, Rambhai Barni Rajabhat Univ., 41 Moo 5, T. Tha Chag Muang,

    Singh, Sher Paul
    School of Packaging, Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI

    Singh, Jay
    Industrial Technology, Cal Poly State Univ., San Luis Obispo, CA

    (Received 9 December 2008; accepted 25 June 2009)

    Abstract

    Young coconut is a popular tropical fruit featuring soft white aromatic flesh and sweet white or transparent juice. As most coconut pickers are relatively unskilled, the harvested crop tends to be distinguished by the collection of fruit of varying levels of maturity. This research has sought to improve the accuracy of grading-packaging systems by developing correlations between maturity levels and the physical, acoustical, mechanical, and chemical properties of the fruit. Results show that maturity significantly affects the specific gravity, shell rupture force, shell secant modulus, flesh penetrating force, flesh firmness, total soluble solids, titratable acidity, flesh thickness (FT), and natural frequency of young coconut at p<0.05. The FT expressed the highest linear correlation with maturity among the properties observed. Fruit orientation, sound impact point, and maturity significantly affected the natural frequency of young coconut at p<0.05. Impacting the ridge of a young coconut gave significantly different natural frequency with maturity regardless of the impact position. The optimum impact point was observed to be midway between the fruit equator and the stem on the ridge. Applying the defined physical and chemical properties to the discriminant model, the maturity of young coconut could be classified with an accuracy of 94.0 %. Analysis employing partial least squares regression predicted the relationship between the maturity index, represented by the FT and the physical, sound, mechanical, and chemical properties, with a correlation coefficient (R) value of 0.82 and a root mean squared error of prediction value of 1.03.


    Paper ID: JTE102276

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE102276

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    Author
    Title Determination of Physical, Acoustical, Mechanical, and Chemical Properties of Fresh Young Coconut Fruit for Maturity Separation
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D10