Volume 37, Issue 4 (July 2009)

    Evaluation and Expression of Uncertainty in the Determination of Alumina in Deodorants Using Complexometric Method

    (Received 1 November 2007; accepted 1 April 2009)

    Published Online: 2009

    CODEN: JTEOAD

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    Abstract

    Recent studies reveal that aluminum has several adverse effects on human life and causes several diseases. There are various sources by which aluminum can enter into a human body: The deodorant is one of them. In this paper, the concentration of alumina (%Al2O3) has been assessed for three different deodorants (namely, A, B, and C) using an indirect complexometric method along with an uncertainty budget. The uncertainty in the measurement has been evaluated and expressed according to the requirements of the standard ISO/IEC 17025:2005. It has been identified that the uncertainty in the measurement arises mainly from repeatability, standardization of zinc acetate, and volume measurement, which have been evaluated and combined according to the EURACHEM guidelines. The concentrations of alumina were 0.81±0.01, 0.73±0.01, and 0.49±0.01 g per 100 mL, respectively, for A, B, and C deodorants. The uncertainty in the measurement varies from 1.2 % to 2 % for the three deodorants. The results show that a person using A and B brand deodorants receives, respectively, 65 % and 48 % higher exposure to aluminum on the skin than a person using the C brand.


    Author Information:

    Kayal, Nijhuma
    Analytical Chemistry Section, Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute (CSIR), Kolkata, West Bengal

    Singh, Nahar
    National Physical Laboratory (CSIR),

    Ojha, V. N.
    National Physical Laboratory (CSIR),

    Gupta, Prabhat K.
    National Physical Laboratory (CSIR),


    Stock #: JTE101507

    ISSN: 0090-3973

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE101507

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    Author
    Title Evaluation and Expression of Uncertainty in the Determination of Alumina in Deodorants Using Complexometric Method
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E47