Volume 37, Issue 1 (January 2009)
Measurement of Very Low Creep Strains: A Review
Various experimental techniques using mechanical springs for high strain sensitivity creep testing are described. A theory of stress and strain using these techniques is briefly summarized. Problems and advantages of the helicoid spring specimen technique are also analyzed. The helicoid spring specimen technique provides high efficiency for low-stress creep experiments in the self-loaded mode, while the external load mode allows extraordinary strain sensitivity. A new machine for conducting high-sensitivity torsion creep tests is presented together with some examples of creep curves obtained by the technique. The machine was designed to enable high sensitivity creep tests of inherently brittle materials such as intermetallics and ceramics.