Test Method to Evaluate Bruising During Impacts to Apples and Compare Cushioning Materials

    Volume 35, Issue 3 (May 2007)

    ISSN: 0090-3973


    Published Online: 23 October 2006

    Page Count: 6

    Jarimopas, B.
    Kastsart University, Kamphaengsaen, Nakornpathom

    Sayasoonthorn, S.
    Kastsart University, Kamphaengsaen, Nakornpathom

    Singh, S. P.
    Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI

    Singh, Jagjit
    Cal Poly State University, San Luis Obispo, CA

    (Received 4 April 2006; accepted 28 September 2006)


    Developing simplified and accurate test methods to quantify and compare performance of impact levels to sensitive produce is a challenge. Despite a variety of packaging options available today, bruising damage is commonplace for post-harvest apples throughout the supply chain. The major sources of bruising are compression, impact, or vibration forces. Understanding where these forces occur can help reduce this type of mechanical damage to apples. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact characteristics of foam net and corrugated board when applied as wrapping for individual apples. Two grades (count numbers 80 and 100) of “Fuji” cultivar apples imported to Thailand from China were studied. A simple ballistic pendulum test device was developed to measure bruise volume to impact energy relationship. A linear relationship for both types of apples was observed. Bruise volume occurrence probability and impact energy relationship fitted by linear regression were created for cushioned and bare apples. Absorbed energy of various cushioning materials was also calculated under compressive forces.

    Paper ID: JTE100584

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE100584

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Title Test Method to Evaluate Bruising During Impacts to Apples and Compare Cushioning Materials
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D10