Volume 3, Issue 8 (September 2006)

    Review of Degradation Mechanisms Leading to Sludge and Varnish in Modern Turbine Oil Formulations

    (Received 16 November 2005; accepted 16 May 2006)

    CODEN: JAIOAD

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    Abstract

    In recent years, there has been an unusually large number of reported cases associated with varnish and sludge formation in turbine-generator and compressor applications using Group II turbine oil formulations. Explanations for these problems have varied but typically include Group I/Group II incompatibility, additive instability, bulk oil oxidation, adiabatic compressive heating, electrostatic discharge, among others. This paper reviews these failure pathways and discusses actual case history including root cause analysis. Analytical methods for the sludge/varnish and the degraded oil are also reviewed.


    Author Information:

    Fitch, JC
    Noria Corporation, Tulsa, OK

    Gebarin, S
    Noria Corporation, Tulsa, OK


    Stock #: JAI13504

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI13504

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    Author
    Title Review of Degradation Mechanisms Leading to Sludge and Varnish in Modern Turbine Oil Formulations
    Symposium Oxidation and Testing of Turbine Oils, 2005-12-08
    Committee D02