Volume 2, Issue 5 (May 2005)

    Investigation into Flow Property Measurements of Low-Slump Concrete Using Vibrating Slope Apparatus (VSA)

    (Received 8 September 2004; accepted 18 January 2005)

    Published Online: 2005

    CODEN: JAIOAD

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    Abstract

    In this paper, operation, data interpretation, and validity of vibrating slope apparatus (VSA) tests for concrete flow property measurements were investigated Results from standard slump tests and VSA tests of 14 different concrete mixes in a total of 29 batches of mixtures are presented. The concrete mixes had different water-to-cement ratios (w/c), different dosages of water reducing agent (WRA), and different types and replacement levels of fly ash. The test results indicated that the original method for VSA data analysis was difficult to manage, and the test result interpretations were inappropriate. Two new parameters, the time for starting mass loss (Tstart) and the inverse of average flow rate for 20% mass loss (1/FRavg) at the chute angle of 10°, were therefore proposed to describe concrete flow property. These two parameters, resulting from the original VSA test data, are easy to identify and easy to use. A strong correlation was found between Tstart and concrete slump. Using Tstart and 1/FRavg, the effects of w/c, WRA, and fly ash on concrete rheological behavior were appropriately characterized. The concrete flowability loss with time was also properly expressed.


    Author Information:

    Wang, K
    Assistant Professor, Iowa State University, Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Ames, IA

    Schlorholtz, SM
    Scientist I and Adjunct Assistant Professor, Materials Analysis and Research Lab (MARL), Ames, IA

    Hu, J
    Graduate Student, Iowa State University, Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Ames, IA

    Zhang, S
    Graduate Student, Iowa State University, Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Ames, IA


    Stock #: JAI13054

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI13054

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    Author
    Title Investigation into Flow Property Measurements of Low-Slump Concrete Using Vibrating Slope Apparatus (VSA)
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee C09