ZIRLO™ — An Alloy Development Success

    Volume 2, Issue 2 (February 2005)

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    CODEN: JAIOAD

    Published Online: 31 January 2005

    Page Count: 22


    Sabol, GP
    Consultant, Nuclear Materials,

    (Received 15 July 2004; accepted 27 July 2004)

    Abstract

    Significant data and milestones in the development of the ZIRLO alloy for PWR applications are reviewed. From humble beginnings as an R&D program, an approach to improving the corrosion resistance of zirconium-based alloys was developed. The corrosion resistance of dilute alloys is controlled by the microstructure, and both solid solution and precipitate effects impact corrosion performance. Several transition metals are beneficial for corrosion at low concentrations, but the most favorable alloy system is zirconium-niobium, because it offers flexibility in processing options. Strength of the binary alloys can be improved by additions of tin, which, in combination with low levels of iron, provide corrosion resistance in lithium hydroxide solutions. Numerous experimental ingots, thermo-mechanical processing routes, corrosion tests, and materials characterizations were performed along the path to the final alloy composition. The resulting material, ZIRLO, has proven itself as a successful alloy for PWR fuel cladding and structural applications.


    Paper ID: JAI12942

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI12942

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    Author
    Title ZIRLO™ — An Alloy Development Success
    Symposium Zirconium in the Nuclear Industry: Fourteenth International Symposium, 2004-06-15
    Committee B10