Volume 3, Issue 2 (February 2006)

    Smoke Toxicity Data for Fire Hazard and Risk Assessment of Cable Products

    (Received 8 August 2005; accepted 17 October 2005)

    Published Online: 2006

    CODEN: JAIOAD

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    Abstract

    This paper presents the methodology for and results from a series of room-scale fire tests to produce data on the yields of toxic products in both preflashover and postflashover fires. Trays of common household electric cable burned in a room with a long adjacent corridor. The yields of CO2, CO, HCl, HCN, and carbonaceous soot were determined. Other toxicants (e.g., NO2, formaldehyde and acrolein) were not found; concentrations below the detection limits were shown to be of limited toxicological importance relative to the detected toxicants. The uncertainties in the post-flashover data are smaller due to the higher species concentrations and the more fully established upper layer from which the fire effluent was sampled. The uncertainty values are comparable to those estimated for the fractional effective dose calculations used to determine the time available for escape from a fire. The uncertainty in the yield data is sufficiently small to determine whether a bench-scale apparatus is producing results that are similar to or different from the real-scale results here. The use of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was shown to be a useful tool for obtaining concentration data of toxicants. However, its operation and interpretation is far from routine. The CO yield was slightly lower than the expected value of 0.2, which should be used in hazard and risk analyses. The accuracy of the results is verified, and a hypothesis is offered for the lower CO yield values.


    Author Information:

    Gann, RG
    Senior Research Scientist, Fire Research Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD

    Peacock, RD
    Chemical Engineer, Fire Research Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD

    Averill, JD
    Research Engineer, Fire Research Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD

    Nyden, MR
    Research Chemist, Fire Research Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD


    Stock #: JAI12852

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI12852

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    Author
    Title Smoke Toxicity Data for Fire Hazard and Risk Assessment of Cable Products
    Symposium Recent Developments in Fire Properties and Other Properties of Electrical and Optical Fiber Cables, 2004-10-04
    Committee D09